The wastewater treatment plant is an extremely important infrastructure to ensure the quality of life, water use of human life, and other ways to ensure water quality for the natural environment. In the operation of it, there are always potential hazards affecting the health of the workers working in the factory. The study was performed using the Semi-quantitative risk assessment method to calculate the values of operational risks in the water treatment plant (WWP). The results of the study obtained 18 high potential hazards that may lead to the present in the water treatment process. The hazards were the leakage of deodorizing towers and the generation of toxic emissions of dead microorganisms that have the highest value with a risk scale of 20 points- frequent impacts on employees. The study has also identified the dangers present in WWP and this will be the premise for mitigating solutions for problems occurring at its.
The current status assessment research of water use and quality of supplied domestic water in Thu Dau Mot city, Binh Duong province, as well as the clean water use situation of the local people. Sampling and assessment of the quality of supplied water at Thu Dau Mot Water supply enterprise. The water treatment process here is strictly conducted to ensure stability, constant pressure, inlet and outlet water flow.
The analysis results of physical and chemical parameters of water quality at Thu Dau Mot Water supply enterprise show parameters within the allowable limits of water standards for domestic use QCVN 02: 2009/BYT and domestic water QCVN 01: 2009/BYT. However, during the water treatment process in the rainy season, it is time consuming and costly for the use of many chemicals in the treatment process, as high turbidity and high color temperature, low TDS, low pH, low chloride, high SS, Fe and Mn content changes in the wet season higher than in the dry season. After sampling for analysis and treatment, the output water meets the clean water standard to meet the needs of the people in Thu Dau Mot City and surrounding areas.
Keywords: water quality, physical and chemical parameters, water standards, clean water.
Environmental issues such as the wastewater have influenced each aspect of our lives. For human and environmental health protection, it is necessary to remove excess zinc in industrial wastewaters before discharging them to environment. Modified diatomite displayed larger surface area and pore volumes in comparison with untreated natural diatomite, which favored heavy metals sorption behavior. In this study, the removal of Zn(II) ions from aqueous solution was studied using Fe/Mn modified diatomite sample at different adsorption parameters such as contact initial metal ions concentration, dosage of Fe/Mn-Diatomite and ionic strength Na2CO3 on ionic Zn2+ adsorption capacity of diatomite modified. The residual zinc concentration in the solution was determined using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. The results showed that: the gravitational increase increases with increasing time and then becomes almost stable, with 120 minutes timeliness; absorption increases when Fe/Mn-Ditomite is increased, absorption reaches 89.48% at a dose of 1.5 g/l; additional different concentrations Na2CO3 ranged from 0 ppm to 80 ppm the results showed that performance treatment Zn2+ of correspond 94,85%.
This study could lay an essential foundation to develop modified diatomite for heavy metal removal from wastewater.
Industrial Revolution 4.0 has become an indispensable trend in the development process of Vietnam and is increasingly applied in university education. The essence of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is the application of technology, data science and the use of artificial intelligence for production and human life. In this impact, modern education, especially higher education, is the field most affected. Online teaching, with tools to support the teaching of the digital age, has been changing dramatically in the teaching and learning situation in universities, helping to modernize education and integrate with the world, but there are many issues that teachers and managers must consider to change teaching methods and training strategies, in order to deliver the best results. Starting from the actual situation, we propose specific and comprehensive measures to improve the teaching efficiency of Thu Dau Mot University and, to meet the needs of Vietnamese society and the development of Industrial Revolution 4.0.
Indigofera aspalathoides Vahl ex DC. belongs to the Fabaceae family. I. aspalathoides is applied to heal tumors, inflammations, diabetes, leprosy, and kidney illnesses in traditional medicines. Compounds including kaempferol, kaempferol 5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 5,4'-dihydroxy 6,8-dimethoxy 7-O-rhamnosyl flavone, indigocarpan, and mucronulatol have isolated from this plant species. Hitherto, there is no comprehensive review available regarding the reported bioactivities of I. aspalathoides. Thus, this article goals to analyze, summarize and document the published bioactivities-related publications. Electronic databases the Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and PubMed used to find relevant publications from 1900 to December 2020. Thus far, only in vivo and in vitro scientific evidence levels of bioactivities are available. I. aspalathoides holds such as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antihepatotoxic, anti-arthritic, immunomodulatory, and antidiabetic properties. Overall, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer compounds have been isolated from this plant species Therefore, additional bioactivity and phytochemical-related researches would need to perform to generate more scientific evidence for other applications. This work will be useful for further bioactivity and phytochemical studies using this plant species.
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the intelligentsia of the colonial countries and ones being threatened by Western colonial dominance in Asia began to re-perceive the problems of sovereignty, nation-state, and re-ask questions like "What is history for?" as well as review what previous historians wrote about their national history. From re-realizing history and rewriting history according to new perspectives, historiography in these countries has shifted from "traditional" to "modern" with taking Western science as the main direction. Vietnamese historiography is also not out of that general change. Examining the product of historical books at the beginning of the twentieth century, Phan Boi Chau is considered as the pioneer historian for that historiographical turn. The article focuses on analyzing the new historical viewpoints of Phan Boi Chau from the global perspective of the flow of thought in Asian countries at that time.
A study on the diversity of Orchids from Southern East Viet Nam was carried out in 2019 and 2020 and identified 173 species, 50 genera, accounting for 1.28% of the total number of orchid species available in Viet Nam (897 species). Among them, all species were used as ornamental plants; 13 species were used for medicinal herbs; and 5 species were listed for conservation in Vietnam Red Data Book, Part II, Plants (2007). The life forms of Orchids were divided into groups including (1) epiphytes with 144 species, (2) terrestrials with 26 species, (3) saprophytes with 1 species, (4) lithophytes with 2 species. There are 60 species were added to the Southern East Viet Nam.
Keywords: Diversity of orchidaceae, Southern East Vietnam
Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the largest carbohydrate sources and has huge potential for biofuels production. However, the problem with lignocellulosic feedstock is that it has useful sugars locked in by lignin, hemicellulose, and cellulose. Some kind of pretreatment; therefore is needed to make carbohydrate accessible which later can be fermented to produce ethanol. The results from this research indicated that the yields of glucan (93%) and xylan (82.8%) were improved by using milling combined with ELLA pretreatment. The optimal enzymatic hydrolysis efficiencies were obtained under 10 min for ball milling time, pretreatment at 1 h, temperature at 150°C, S/L = 0.5 and ammonia loading at 0.25 g-NH3/g-biomass. This method reduced the pretreatment time and short milling time and thus has potential of reducing the energy consumption and promising the application in the large scale.
Keywords: corn stover, milling pretreatments, ammonia pretreatment, bioethanol.
As the most significant pollinators of wild plants, bees play an important role in sustaining the natural ecosystems. In this study, we conducted surveys of bee fauna of three different habitat types during dry and rainy seasons of 2020 in Binh Chanh District, Ho Chi Minh City. A total of 169 individuals from 13 bee species belonging to six genera were collected. Of these, eight species are newly recorded from Ho Chi Minh City: Amegilla calceifera, A. himalajensis, A. zonata, Ceratina nigrolateralis, C. smaragdula, Xylocopa aestuan, X. latipes, Tetragonula fuscobalteata. The species composition of bees was more diverse in forest habitat than rural garden and canalbank habitats. The richness and abundance of bees were significantly higher in the dry season than the rainy season. Apis florea was abundant in forest and rural garden habitats while Ceratina smaragdula occurred plentifully in the canalbank habitat. Eight bee species (Apis cerana, A. dorsata, A. florea, Thyreus himalayensis, Xylocopa latipes, X. aestuans, Ceratina smaragdula, and C. nigrolateralis) widely distributed throughout all three habitats. By contrast, four bee species (Amegilla calceifera, A. himalajensis, Apis mellifera, and Tetragonula fuscobalteata) exclusively appeared in the forest habitat.
In recent years, there have been more studies on the Vietnamese workers’s life in the industrial zones. However, the research on career and social status of the workers is still a desert. This article investigates how Vietnamese workers perceive their career and social status. Data were collected through survey by quantitative questionnaire and in-depth interviews with 800 samples in industrial zones of Binh Duong Province of Vietnam. Finding results show that: (1) The workers evaluated their career and social status at an average level in compared to other classes in society. (2) With an average level, the voices of workers have not received adequate attention from the companies, government and unions when conflict of interest occurs. The workers’s experiences in daily social interaction is one of the reasons why workers perceive themselves in lower status than other classes in the social hierarchy. Further studies should be attentioned on individual experience through discourse to understanding the worker’s life.
In the trend of globalization and international integration of our country today, learning foreign languages in general and English in particular are aimed at achieving communication purposes. Therefore, learning the linguistic knowledge including vocabulary is also for the purpose of developing learners' communication skills. The non-majored English training for students at the Foreign Language Center - Thu Dau Mot University is directed to the effectiveness of communication, the most prominent is the method of learning vocabulary through the application of Morphology and Morpheme; At the same time, the method of learning meanings of words in the context and application of newly-learned words in the practice of communication skills will be also focused.
In order to have an overview of the current quality of youth labor and its readiness for the emergence of the fourth industrial revolution (or Industry 4.0), measuring the understanding of students about the Industry 4.0 in the context of Vietnam's digital economy is essential. As the young's perception in the present-day context can be seen as a crucial manifestation to evaluate their awareness levels on how this revolution impacts their joining the labor market. In addition, the young’s awareness is an important information source in orienting their own behavior accordingly, which is also an indication of the level of their willingness to adapt to the digital age. As the result of previous qualitative and quantitative surveys, this article addresses the awareness characteristics of young people, thereby exploring their capacity for self-assessment about risks or career opportunities in the context of Industry 4.0.
Study on sampling sludge from 04 industrial parks in Binh Duong province such as My Phuoc, Dong An, Viet Huong 1, Song Than 2 to analyze the pollution criteria to assess the pollution possibility of industrial waste sludge. The research results show that: at present, the total volume of sludge generated today in the industrial park fluctuates about 4,450 – 6,255 kg/day, equivalent to dry sludge volume is 1,035.725 – 1,532.11 kg/day. The estimated volume of dry sludge generated from industrial parks in the future from 2019 to 2020 ranges from 30,023 to 31,396 kg/day. Most sludge from 04 wastewater treatment plants hadn’t heavy metals (Hg, Pb, Cu, Ni, Cr, Zn, Cd), especially Dong An Industrial park Treatment plant had Zn, value 49.7 – 49.9 mg/l. The sludge from the wastewater treatment plants of 04 industrial parks had amount of helminth eggs that exceeds the USEPA's regulations on pathogens (type A sludge).
Bien Hoa City is an urban area of Dong Nai province located in the Southern key economic region. Currently, Bien Hoa City has 6 industrial parks in operation with large daily wastewater flow, causing environmental risks, especially from organic pollutants. The study applied the Nemerow risk index and the geographic information systems (GIS). The results showed that the industrial parks were mainly organic pollution levels including N-total, P-total, and Ammonium. The level of environmental risk from organic pollution was recorded in range of medium to very high levels, the ranked in descending order: Agtex Long Binh Industrial Park (P = 24)> Amata Industrial Park (P = 16)> Bien Hoa 2 Industrial Park ( P = 10),> Tam Phuoc Industrial Park (P = 5)> Loteco Industrial Park (P = 3). The results of the study provided good information for the management and improvement of wastewater quality in the industrial wastewater treatment plants of the industrial parks in Bien Hoa City.
This paper examines the main challenges of the processes of space and social policy change present to current urbanization trends of Taiwan. The chapter argues that one of the main challenges is economic growth, increasing integration into the global economy and making Taiwan competitive in the global economy. This process leads to the growth of large urban regions that present many challenges to the urban development in the future. In particular, the paper focuses on the most fragile areas of the extended urban spaces are the rural and urban margins, where urban activities are expanding into densely populated agricultural regions. It is argued that in these areas, local policies should be developed that adapt to local ecosystems. The paper presents lessons of interventions in this field for Ho Chi Minh, Dong Nai and Binh Duong Region for urban expansion.
With the development of information technology, many applications of robots are increasingly being applied to support research, learning, and teaching. This paper mainly investigates the modeling and simulation of a robotic arm with 3 degrees of freedom (dofs) for different applications. First, Kinematics and dynamics model of the robot based on the standard Denavit Hartenberg (D-H) modeling method, where the forward kinematics of robot is analyzed and computed to obtain by using the inverse kinematics, and then the solution of the robot dynamics is derived. Second, a CAD model of the robot is designed on CATIA software to convert to MapleSim software to simulation and control. Final, numerical simulation is presented to display results. This work provides a potential basis for the realization of the robotic arm in the industrial, education, and research field, which is of great significance for improving manufacturing efficiency and support teaching and research in the robot field.
Along with changes in Economy, Tourism and the influence of foreign waves, the market of Food Service in Vietnam has also changed to meet the needs of customers. At many restaurants in Vietnam, customer satisfaction can greatly affect restaurant revenue. Therefore, it is essential to determine which perceived quality factors affect customer satisfaction. The survey was conducted through questionnaires collected from 329 respondents, who experienced in restaurant services in Vietnam. In this paper, four factors are found that have influence on customer satisfaction in restaurants: Service quality, Product quality, Environment and Price. In addition, the research also gives some contributions based on the research results, helping businesses understand customers and meet customer satisfaction requirements in the restaurant.
Youth in a nation is the most viable and potential human resource in both demographic and social structure. Without the youth's adequate and integrated bio-social development a nation cannot attain its anticipated human goals. Based on government initiative a2i, the empowerment of youth towards sustainable development in Bangladesh is described in this paper. Although the Bangladesh Government has formulated and implemented policies, plans and programs for youth welfare are still through GOs and NGOs. Related literature indicates that, regardless of all age and regions, young people in this country face several socio-cultural problems where they cannot grow and empower themselves adequately. As a result, they cannot play their important roles in sustainable development and changes within the country. To resolve the problems of the youth in relation to their development and empowerment, the Government of Bangladesh is developing and implementing some solutions. The case study focuses on the role of a2i for development of youth in the successful design of public development and sustainable development programs.
Most of the indoor accidents are related with fall down. Many medical studies are point out that key factor for keeping patient’s life is fast response of monitoring system. In modern life, peoples are isolated with neighbor, especially in living quarters. Therefore many solutions are developed for falling down monitoring that base on wearable sensors. These methods require of an expensive sensors system with electric power supplier and telecommunication devices. In context of patients with disease and weak status, patients are trend to remove sensor system. This issue requires to find out another approach so that sensors system will not be needed. We study the fall detection by monitoring camera. For increase the accuracy, we proposed a simple and effective method to extract features of abnormal activities. By tracking the magnitude of entropy and its distribution, our fall detection model has a capability of differentiating falls from other activities
The fifth generation (5G) cellular network has been commercialized recently to fulfill the new demands such as very high data exchange rate, extra low latency and high reliability. Many new technologies have been introduced and exploited since the early of the 2010s. Among these emerging technologies, full-duplex relaying cognitive radio networks, device-to-device communications and cell-free massive multiple-input and multiple-output have been considered as promising technologies/systems for 5G and beyond. This work provides a comprehensive study on the concepts, advantages and challenges of the above-mentioned technologies. In addition, we also introduce four new research directions which are challenges of 5G and beyond.