Thu Dau Mot University Journal of Science


Articles

Volume 3 (Issue 1 - 2021)


The wastewater treatment plant is an extremely important infrastructure to ensure the quality of life, water use of human life, and other ways to ensure water quality for the natural environment. In the operation of it, there are always potential hazards affecting the health of the workers working in the factory. The study was performed using the Semi-quantitative risk assessment method to calculate the values of operational risks in the water treatment plant (WWP). The results of the study obtained 18 high potential hazards that may lead to the present in the water treatment process. The hazards were the leakage of deodorizing towers and the generation of toxic emissions of dead microorganisms that have the highest value with a risk scale of 20 points- frequent impacts on employees. The study has also identified the dangers present in WWP and this will be the premise for mitigating solutions for problems occurring at its.

Monitoring supplied domestic water quality at Thu Dau Mot water supply enterprise

By Nguyễn Thanh Quang, Nguyễn Đặng Ngọc Giàu
Published online 14/03/2021
DOI: 10.37550/tdmu.EJS/2021.01.148
The current status assessment research of water use and quality of supplied domestic water in Thu Dau Mot city, Binh Duong province, as well as the clean water use situation of the local people. Sampling and assessment of the quality of supplied water at Thu Dau Mot Water supply enterprise. The water treatment process here is strictly conducted to ensure stability, constant pressure, inlet and outlet water flow. The analysis results of physical and chemical parameters of water quality at Thu Dau Mot Water supply enterprise show parameters within the allowable limits of water standards for domestic use QCVN 02: 2009/BYT and domestic water QCVN 01: 2009/BYT. However, during the water treatment process in the rainy season, it is time consuming and costly for the use of many chemicals in the treatment process, as high turbidity and high color temperature, low TDS, low pH, low chloride, high SS, Fe and Mn content changes in the wet season higher than in the dry season. After sampling for analysis and treatment, the output water meets the clean water standard to meet the needs of the people in Thu Dau Mot City and surrounding areas. Keywords: water quality, physical and chemical parameters, water standards, clean water.
Environmental issues such as the wastewater have influenced each aspect of our lives. For human and environmental health protection, it is necessary to remove excess zinc in industrial wastewaters before discharging them to environment. Modified diatomite displayed larger surface area and pore volumes in comparison with untreated natural diatomite, which favored heavy metals sorption behavior. In this study, the removal of Zn(II) ions from aqueous solution was studied using Fe/Mn modified diatomite sample at different adsorption parameters such as contact initial metal ions concentration, dosage of Fe/Mn-Diatomite and ionic strength Na2CO3 on ionic Zn2+ adsorption capacity of diatomite modified. The residual zinc concentration in the solution was determined using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. The results showed that: the gravitational increase increases with increasing time and then becomes almost stable, with 120 minutes timeliness; absorption increases when Fe/Mn-Ditomite is increased, absorption reaches 89.48% at a dose of 1.5 g/l; additional different concentrations Na2CO3 ranged from 0 ppm to 80 ppm the results showed that performance treatment Zn2+ of correspond 94,85%. This study could lay an essential foundation to develop modified diatomite for heavy metal removal from wastewater.
Industrial Revolution 4.0 has become an indispensable trend in the development process of Vietnam and is increasingly applied in university education. The essence of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is the application of technology, data science and the use of artificial intelligence for production and human life. In this impact, modern education, especially higher education, is the field most affected. Online teaching, with tools to support the teaching of the digital age, has been changing dramatically in the teaching and learning situation in universities, helping to modernize education and integrate with the world, but there are many issues that teachers and managers must consider to change teaching methods and training strategies, in order to deliver the best results. Starting from the actual situation, we propose specific and comprehensive measures to improve the teaching efficiency of Thu Dau Mot University and, to meet the needs of Vietnamese society and the development of Industrial Revolution 4.0.

Bioactivities of extracts and phytochemicals of Indigofera aspalathoides Vahl ex DC.

By Authinarayanan Rajesh, Saravanan Vievekanandarajah Sathasivampillai, Pholtan Rajeev Sebastian Rajamanoharan
Published online 14/03/2021
DOI: 10.37550/tdmu.EJS/2021.01.144
Indigofera aspalathoides Vahl ex DC. belongs to the Fabaceae family. I. aspalathoides is applied to heal tumors, inflammations, diabetes, leprosy, and kidney illnesses in traditional medicines. Compounds including kaempferol, kaempferol 5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 5,4'-dihydroxy 6,8-dimethoxy 7-O-rhamnosyl flavone, indigocarpan, and mucronulatol have isolated from this plant species. Hitherto, there is no comprehensive review available regarding the reported bioactivities of I. aspalathoides. Thus, this article goals to analyze, summarize and document the published bioactivities-related publications. Electronic databases the Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and PubMed used to find relevant publications from 1900 to December 2020. Thus far, only in vivo and in vitro scientific evidence levels of bioactivities are available. I. aspalathoides holds such as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antihepatotoxic, anti-arthritic, immunomodulatory, and antidiabetic properties. Overall, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer compounds have been isolated from this plant species Therefore, additional bioactivity and phytochemical-related researches would need to perform to generate more scientific evidence for other applications. This work will be useful for further bioactivity and phytochemical studies using this plant species.
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the intelligentsia of the colonial countries and ones being threatened by Western colonial dominance in Asia began to re-perceive the problems of sovereignty, nation-state, and re-ask questions like "What is history for?" as well as review what previous historians wrote about their national history. From re-realizing history and rewriting history according to new perspectives, historiography in these countries has shifted from "traditional" to "modern" with taking Western science as the main direction. Vietnamese historiography is also not out of that general change. Examining the product of historical books at the beginning of the twentieth century, Phan Boi Chau is considered as the pioneer historian for that historiographical turn. The article focuses on analyzing the new historical viewpoints of Phan Boi Chau from the global perspective of the flow of thought in Asian countries at that time.

Diversity of Orchidaceae from South East Viet Nam

By Nguyen Minh Ty, Nguyen Vinh Hien
Published online 14/03/2021
DOI: 10.37550/tdmu.EJS/2021.01.150
A study on the diversity of Orchids from Southern East Viet Nam was carried out in 2019 and 2020 and identified 173 species, 50 genera, accounting for 1.28% of the total number of orchid species available in Viet Nam (897 species). Among them, all species were used as ornamental plants; 13 species were used for medicinal herbs; and 5 species were listed for conservation in Vietnam Red Data Book, Part II, Plants (2007). The life forms of Orchids were divided into groups including (1) epiphytes with 144 species, (2) terrestrials with 26 species, (3) saprophytes with 1 species, (4) lithophytes with 2 species. There are 60 species were added to the Southern East Viet Nam. Keywords: Diversity of orchidaceae, Southern East Vietnam
Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the largest carbohydrate sources and has huge potential for biofuels production. However, the problem with lignocellulosic feedstock is that it has useful sugars locked in by lignin, hemicellulose, and cellulose. Some kind of pretreatment; therefore is needed to make carbohydrate accessible which later can be fermented to produce ethanol. The results from this research indicated that the yields of glucan (93%) and xylan (82.8%) were improved by using milling combined with ELLA pretreatment. The optimal enzymatic hydrolysis efficiencies were obtained under 10 min for ball milling time, pretreatment at 1 h, temperature at 150°C, S/L = 0.5 and ammonia loading at 0.25 g-NH3/g-biomass. This method reduced the pretreatment time and short milling time and thus has potential of reducing the energy consumption and promising the application in the large scale. Keywords: corn stover, milling pretreatments, ammonia pretreatment, bioethanol.
As the most significant pollinators of wild plants, bees play an important role in sustaining the natural ecosystems. In this study, we conducted surveys of bee fauna of three different habitat types during dry and rainy seasons of 2020 in Binh Chanh District, Ho Chi Minh City. A total of 169 individuals from 13 bee species belonging to six genera were collected. Of these, eight species are newly recorded from Ho Chi Minh City: Amegilla calceifera, A. himalajensis, A. zonata, Ceratina nigrolateralis, C. smaragdula, Xylocopa aestuan, X. latipes, Tetragonula fuscobalteata. The species composition of bees was more diverse in forest habitat than rural garden and canalbank habitats. The richness and abundance of bees were significantly higher in the dry season than the rainy season. Apis florea was abundant in forest and rural garden habitats while Ceratina smaragdula occurred plentifully in the canalbank habitat. Eight bee species (Apis cerana, A. dorsata, A. florea, Thyreus himalayensis, Xylocopa latipes, X. aestuans, Ceratina smaragdula, and C. nigrolateralis) widely distributed throughout all three habitats. By contrast, four bee species (Amegilla calceifera, A. himalajensis, Apis mellifera, and Tetragonula fuscobalteata) exclusively appeared in the forest habitat.
In recent years, there have been more studies on the Vietnamese workers’s life in the industrial zones. However, the research on career and social status of the workers is still a desert. This article investigates how Vietnamese workers perceive their career and social status. Data were collected through survey by quantitative questionnaire and in-depth interviews with 800 samples in industrial zones of Binh Duong Province of Vietnam. Finding results show that: (1) The workers evaluated their career and social status at an average level in compared to other classes in society. (2) With an average level, the voices of workers have not received adequate attention from the companies, government and unions when conflict of interest occurs. The workers’s experiences in daily social interaction is one of the reasons why workers perceive themselves in lower status than other classes in the social hierarchy. Further studies should be attentioned on individual experience through discourse to understanding the worker’s life.
In the trend of globalization and international integration of our country today, learning foreign languages in general and English in particular are aimed at achieving communication purposes. Therefore, learning the linguistic knowledge including vocabulary is also for the purpose of developing learners' communication skills. The non-majored English training for students at the Foreign Language Center - Thu Dau Mot University is directed to the effectiveness of communication, the most prominent is the method of learning vocabulary through the application of Morphology and Morpheme; At the same time, the method of learning meanings of words in the context and application of newly-learned words in the practice of communication skills will be also focused.


Publication Information

Publisher

Thu Dau Mot University, Viet Nam

Honorary Editor-in-Chief and Chairman of the Editorial Board

Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Van Hiep

Deputy Editor-in-Chief

PhD. Trần Hạnh Minh Phương
Thu Dau Mot University

Editorial Board

Prof. Tran Van Doan
Fujen University, Taiwan
Prof. Zafar Uddin Ahmed
Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City

Prof.Dr. Phillip G.Cerny
The University of Manchester, United Kingdom
Prof. Ngo Van Le
University of Social Sciences and Humanities (VNU-HCM)

Prof. Bui The Cuong
Southern Institute of Social Sciences​​​​​​​
Prof. Le Quang Tri
Can Tho University

Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Van Duc
Animal Husbandry Association of Vietnam
Assoc. Prof. Ted Yuchung Liu
National Pingtung University, Taiwan

PhD. Anita Doraisami
Economics Monash University, Australia
Prof. Dr. Andrew Seddon
Asia Pacific University of Technology & innovation (APU)

Assoc. Prof. Le Tuan Anh
Thu Dau Mot University
Prof. Abtar Darshan Singh
Asia Pacific University, Malaysia

Prof.Dr. Ron W.Edwards
The University of Melbourne, Australia
Assoc. Prof. Hoang Xuan Nien
Thu Dau Mot University

PhD. Nguyen Duc Nghia
Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City
PhD. Bao Dat
Monash University (Australia)

PhD. Raqib Chowdhury
Monash University (Australia)
PhD. Nguyen Hoang Tuan
Thu Dau Mot University

PhD. Nguyen Thi Lien Thuong
Thu Dau Mot University

Assistant

Nguyen Thi Man
Thu Dau Mot University