Thu Dau Mot University Journal of Science


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44 papers


The act of picking fruit is very familiar and associated with the history of hunting, catching, gathering, and gathering of humans, so they have come up with many types of tools for this job. The practice of wrapping fruit in bags before harvest has only been applied recently, so it is still very new and rudimentary. These tools only perform each function individually. Therefore, the author has inherited and proposed a tool that has two functions at the same time: wrapping bags and picking fruit at high altitude. This article presents the structure, operating principles, and instructions for using this tool. This tool is compact, inexpensive, and easy to use. It consists of a long handle, a set of clamps that close and open, and a control cable connecting from the top to the middle of the handle. Farmers just need to stand on the ground, put the clamps over the fruit, and pull the control cable to make the clamps close or open. From there, they can wrap bag or pick fruits from high above easily. This research will help farmers have a tool that has two functions, which certainly has many advantages and is useful for farmers. Keywords: cloth bags, cover fruit bags, fruit pickers, plastic bags, tools.
Currently, to make human life more convenient and easier, many utility services have been provided. Among them, online food ordering applications with high coverage and diverse forms become prominent. This research aims to examine the factors influencing the intention of using online food ordering applications among students in Ho Chi Minh City. Using a multivariate linear regression model and the Ordinary Least Squares method (OLS), the research team analyzed primary data based on 120 valid survey sheets collected from students studying in HCMC. The research results indicate that there are seven factors influencing the intention to use (ITU) online food ordering applications, including: (1) Ease of use (EOU), (2) Convenience (CV), (3) Aesthetic appeal (AA), (4) Price expectations (PE), (5) Social influence (SI), (6) Perceived risk (PR), and (7) Habits (HB). Among them, the three factors with the greatest impact on the students’ intention are ease of use, aesthetic appeal, and social influence. Based on the test results, the study proposes a management implication to help food delivery service providers enhance service quality, suggest development directions, and make suitable strategies for potential target customers. Keywords: food delivery service providers, food ordering applications, management implication, students’ intention
In the accelerating pace of globalization and internationalization of trade, professionals from a wide range of organizations believed that English as an international language, which is a way of thinking, researching and practicing, was used in almost all areas of life, study, and work. That’s why the study's foremost objectives were to comprehend reading learning strategies used by English-majored students at Thu Dau Mot University. A quantitative method was used to conduct the research with a questionnaire divided into four parts. The subjects of this study are 100 English majors from the Faculty of Foreign Languages at Thu Dau Mot University. According to the results, the majority of students agree with the difficulties faced when learning English reading. Likewise, students also subscribe that they also use some reading learning strategies such as extensive reading strategy, the phonics strategy, the whole language strategy, reading comprehension strategy and vocabulary building strategy. Moreover, some solutions, such as the function of the word in the sentence, the main gist, guessing the unfamiliar word and reading aloud are recommended to them to read more effectively and improve their reading ability. Ultimately, some recommendations are made in the hope of helping both teachers and students. Keywords: challenges, English reading, reading learning strategies, Thu Dau Mot University

Combined biological and chemical-physical processes for domestic wastewater treatment

Huynh Ngoc Anh Tuan, Nguyen Tri Quang Hung, Cai Thi Quyen, Ho Thanh Ba, Nguyen Minh Ky, Truong Quoc Minh
The present study aims to investigate the possibility of domestic wastewater treatment using biological system combined with chemical-physical processes, including Upflow Sludge Blanket Filtration (USBF) technology and PolyAluminium Chloride (PAC). Experimental results showed that the added PAC content plays an essential role in improving the treatment efficiency and reached National Technical Regulation on domestic wastewater QCVN 14:2008/BTNMT (Column A). With Jar-test results, the optimal pH of 7.0 and the PAC dosage of 170 mg/L were recorded with the highest removal efficiencies for suspended solids and organic matter. In the modified USBF bioreactor, the findings illustrated the pollutant removal efficiencies such as Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), and Suspended Solids (SS) were equal to 96.2 ± 1.4%, 85.8 ± 4.4% and 99.3 ± 2.1%, respectively. The parameters of BOD5 and SS met QCVN 14:2008/BTNMT - Column A. In the future, this advanced filtration technology can be helpful for wastewater reclamation and reuse to cope with water scarcity.
The study is aimed at examining the impacts of the reading environment on ELF learners’ reading comprehension. To achieve this objective, the study was conducted at Thu Dau Mot University (TDMU) with the participation of 129 English majors and 19 teachers of English, who returned questionnaires and were interviewed on a voluntary basis. The findings show that EFL learners’ reading comprehension is significantly influenced by the reading environment. If they read in the unorganized or uncontrolled environments where the atmosphere is noisy or they find it comfortable, e.g., at home, in bed room, or on public transports, they will have problems about comprehension. Therefore, the role of teachers is to let EFL learners read in the organized or controlled environments. In addition, more quiet reading spaces should be built for EFL learners because they can have high comprehension when reading in such places. Key words: reading comprehension; reading environment.
Abstract Cultural relations between Vietnam and China, of course, need no further assertions. But this process of cultural relations, then requires further studies to see the diversity of this cultural relationship. We, in this report, present the cultural relationship between Vietnam and China through poems written on the topic of Zen - Buddhist on the way to the mission of Vietnamese ambassadors in the last 18th century and early 19th century, in three main aspects: the reception of the Buddhist cultural space, the sense of meditation in front of the temple, and the intimacy between the envoyers and the Zen masters and officials of the North. From there, we hope to contribute an additional perspective on the Vietnamese people's position - the same level position, in the cultural exchange between Vietnam and China. Keywords: Cultural relations, Enyoy poetry, Envoyer, Vietnam - China, Zen - Buddhist.
Vietnam's economy is operated to serve more than ninety million people so this is a very vivid picture. The large population brings many advantages to the food production sector in general and the production of fresh noodles in particular. Fresh vermicelli is the raw material for processing many dishes of the Vietnamese people for a long time, that's why there are many Vietnamese dishes with indispensable ingredients, which as Noodles in the national culinary books. Vietnam. The production of fresh vermicelli with the main ingredient is fermented and shaped rice with simple steps, but hidden inside there are environmental issues that need to be considered. The production and business associated with environmental protection are the responsibility of most enterprises and production facilities in Vietnam. The fresh noodle food production industry is no exception. Instead of learning about the aspects that affect the environment in the traditional way of collecting information, analyzing, and evaluating the current situation, this time the research team looked at understanding the causes of environmental pollution in terms of consumption. ISO 14001 international standard. ISO 14001 Environmental Management System is an international standard that helps businesses and establishments identify the important role of the environment as well as the risks brought by the environment, thereby realizing the environment as an activity of the Organization. In this standard, the commitment to prevent environmental pollution is a mandatory condition, so determining the environmental aspects to overcome the impacts is a key element of the standard. If a business achieves ISO 14001 Certification, it will have a very good effect in promoting the corporate image of being responsible for the environment and the community. (Lê Huy Bá, 2006), (Lê Thị Hồng Trân, 2008)
Symbolic images stand for more than simply what appears before the eyes. They represent a deeper meaning behind the image – something. The symbolic images in public communications, and techniques of their application as an instrument of forming desired ideological models within social consciousness, as well as consider principles of social psychology that enable successful application of communication technologies to a target audience by appealing to their image thinking. Applied methods of the research are: sociocultural, historical, and content analysis, this article focuses on analyzing the significance of symbol image in public communication strategies and its impacts on brand building, trust establishment, and fostering a positive interactive environment with the public. Based on lessons drawn from practical public communication activities of Thu Dau Mot University, the article proposes additional measures to enhance the effectiveness of the unit's communication and their potential application to specific cases, contributing to the development of the field of public communication.
This paper is devoted to the study of a nonlinear fractional differential equation with a weakly singular source in Banach space. Using Bielecki type norm, we show that the problem has a unique solution. Furthermore, we introduce a result of the new Ulam-Hyers type stability for the main equation.
Binh Duong, a dynamic province in the Southern Key Economic Region in Vietnam, has a fast growing economy and strong economic restructuring towards industrialization and modernization, have affected many aspects of economy, culture, society and environment. This study analyzes the influence of economic restructuring on urban development in Binh Duong province by utilizing the time series data throughout 2000 - 2020 and the household interview method of the topic "Urbanization and its effects on land use restructuring in Binh Duong province" shows the shift of occupations from agriculture to non-agriculture. The research results show that economic restructuring contributes to promoting economic and social development in general and expanding the urban network of Binh Duong province in particular, but it has some limitations in the process of development. Therefore, Binh Duong wants to successfully integrate into the world economy and develop urban areas towards sustainability (by 2030), it must have specific, scientific and objective analysis and evaluation on the success and limitations of the economic restructuring process and its impact on the urban system in recent times. The research results also have a scientific basis for proposing appropriate and effective solutions and policies to successfully implement the goals and orientations of economic restructuring and urban development that Binh Duong has been approved.
Heavy metals are the most dangerous substances in the environment, have caused deleterious effect not only to the environment but also to the public’s health. Different studies have demonstrated that plants have a high removal capacity for lead ions from pollution sources. However, these plant species were rather limited. Thus, the project aimed to find out plant species that represent its lead removal ability to reduce environmental pollution. The experiment was carried out factorially as a randomized complete design in hydroponic systems with four treatments (0, 100, 200, and 300 mg/l of Pb) and three replications. The results indicated that the growth of the Dracaena sanderiana plant is well in Pb concentration of 100 mg/l, with less growth while the increasing lead concentration of 200 mg/l and 300 mg/l. The amount of lead in the water of three treatments 100 mg/l, 200 mg/l, and 300 mg/l after 30 days of the experiment decreased by 91.5%, 86.8%, and 86.4%, respectively. It was found that Dracaena sanderiana exhibited high lead treatment efficiency in the water. Moreover, results showed that the accumulation of lead in the roots of Dracaena sanderiana is quite large with treatments of 100 mg/l, 200 mg/l, and 300 mg/l lead concentrations were 5073.8 mg/kg, 5134.0 mg/kg, 7054.0 mg/kg, respectively. In contrast, the ability to lead accumulation in plant leaves and stems is lower. cultivated in hydroponic systems with four treatments and three replications. Four levels of Pb(NO3)2 (0, 100, 200, and 300 ppm) were used. The monitoring indicators include the contents of lead in water, the growth target of Dracaena sanderiana, and the accumulation of lead contents in different organs of Dracaena sanderiana. The results indicated that: the growth of the Dracaena sanderiana plant is well in Pb concentration of 100 ppm, with less growth while the increasing lead concentration of 200 ppm and 300 ppm. The amount of lead in the water of three treatments 100 ppm, 200 ppm, and 300 ppm after 30 days of the experiment decreased by 91.5%, 86.8%, and 86.4%, respectively. It was found that Dracaena sanderiana exhibited high lead treatment efficiency in the water. Moreover, results show that the accumulation of lead in the roots of Dracaena sanderiana is quite large with treatments of 100 ppm, 200 ppm, and 300 ppm lead concentrations were 5073.8 mg/kg, 5134.0 mg/kg, 7054.0 mg/kg, respectively. In contrast, the ability to lead accumulation in plant leaves and stems is much lower.
Over the past few years, there are many activities had negative impacts on the surface water of the Dong Nai river such as industry, agriculture, and service development activities; therefore river water quality is significantly relieved. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of elements on the water quality in 2022 through analyze the parameters of pH, temperature, DO, BOD5, COD, N-NH4+, P-PO43-, TSS, turbidity, total Coliform on 54 samples, compared with QCVN 2015 for river water quality and the water quality index calculation WQI. The analysis results show that the water quality of Dong Nai river, sections flowing through Bien Hoa city from Jan to Dec is not quite good, most parameters reach the limit value B1 according to QCVN 08:2015/BTNMT; however, the values of parameters DO, total coliforms, TSS exceed the limit value B1 significantly. WQI values fluctuate at a fairly high level from 17 to 68, and the average WQI of the river reaches is quite low, so the authority should have promulgated the law to protect the water surface of this river; therefore water quality assessment is significant for better control and management of the surface water environment in Vietnam.
As a response to global warming and climate change, climate change adaptation aims to lessen the susceptibility of social and biological systems to relatively abrupt change and so counteract the effects of global warming. Openness and cooperation are key tenets of an adaptation strategy; as a result, mechanisms for a wide range of stakeholders are included in the creation and execution of adaptation strategies. However, few poor nations have made a point of involving stakeholders in decision-making processes for climate change adaptation. In many regions of the world, there is a notable dearth of concrete plans to include stakeholders in the adaptation of policy-making and implementation. This study uses Viet Nam as a case study to evaluate the level of stakeholder involvement in climate change adaptation strategies. The findings demonstrate that the Vietnamese government has adopted a "top-down" decision-making strategy, in which the government plays the primary role, communities and NGOs have a minimal impact on the creation and implementation of policies, and the private sector is only involved in the implementation phase. Stakeholder participation has generally been acknowledged in Vietnam, although the country's national climate change policies have not been adequately implemented. As a result, the policies for adaptation are unlikely to be effective in the unique settings of diverse places and may not be embraced by all stakeholders, which may ultimately limit adaptation activities. Viet Nam is advised to encourage participation by many stakeholders in the formulation of policy. Other countries can adopt the lessons from Vietnam while creating their adaptation policies.
In the current work, we study a Cauchy problem for a time-fractional pseudo-parabolic equation with a globally Lipschitz source term. We prove the unique existence of a mild solution to the problem, by the common Banach fixed point theorem. This solution is then verified that exists globally in time by Gr¨onwall’s inequality. Compare to previous works about the similar issuse, we approach in a way that does not require using weighted spaces. Although our approach share a similar spirit to previous studies, our method seems to be more precise and natural.
In this paper, we study the Robin-Dirchlet problem (Pn) for a wave equation with the term 1 n Xn i=1 u2( i−1 n , t), n ∈ N. First, for each n ∈ N, under suitable conditions, we prove the local existence and uniqueness of the weak solution un of (Pn). Next, we prove that the sequence of solutions un of (Pn) converges strongly in appropriate spaces to the weak solution u of the problem (P), where (P) is defined by (Pn) by replacing 1 n Xn i=1 u2( i−1 n , t) by Z 1 0 u2(y, t)dy. The main tools used here are the linearization method together with the Faedo-Galerkin method and the weak compact method. We end the paper with a remark related to a similar problem.
In this paper, we are interested in the problem of determining the source function forthe Sobolev equation with fractional Laplacian. This problem is non-well-posed. We show theerror estimate between the exact solution and the regularized solution with the observed data in Lb spaces.
With a favorable location and diverse natural and cultural resources, Phu Quoc city of Kien Giang province has immense potential for tourism development. Phu Quoc is one of the localities with the biggest number of tourist arrivals and the highest revenue from tourism in the Mekong Delta. However, due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, Phu Quoc tourism faces many difficulties in implementing the pre-set plans. Using a systematic review of the literature to synthesize the information dealing with tourism resources, impacts of Covid-19 pandemic on tourism performance and recovery plans of local authorities, the article analyzes the potential and current status of tourism development of Phu Quoc. Interviews with researchers and travel agencies’ representatives also add some ideas to the proposals for the orientation of tourism development in the new context. Integration to regional and international market, promotion of regional interlinkage and travel demands and new trends of tourism are crucial factors recommended for the development of tourism on Phu Quoc island. Key words: Marine and island tourism, Phu Quoc tourism, Post-Covid-19 tourism
Ficus hispida L.f. (FH) is among the widely cultivated tree species in Asian regions. The aim of this work was to determine phenolic and flavonoid contents, antioxidant, in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of FH extracts prepared with methanol (ME), ethanol (ET) and ethyl acetate (EA). The extract obtained from ethyl acetate contained the highest total phenolic and flavonoid contents (92.75 +/- 5.14 mg GAE/g and 5.67 +/- 0.65 mg QE/g), followed by ME and ET. The capacity to scavenge ABTS free radical of the extracts followed the order: EA > ME > ET while their DPPH activity differed insignificantly. The inhibitory effect of EA and ME (IC¬50 = 362.84 +/- 29.05 and 386.95 +/- 11.10 ug/mL, respectively) were higher than that of ET. Correlation analysis showed a high positive correlation between total phenolic content and ABTS activity. The findings of the study would be useful for development of new nature-derived agents for prevention and treatment of diseases.
Premarital sex is one of the issues that female migrant workers currently face. This increases the risk of sexual and reproductive health issues among this vulnerable group. The article's goal is to comprehend and explain the attitude of female migrant workers regarding premarital sex while also analyzing the factors that influence their attitudes toward this issue. The theories of social control and migration are the foundation for this objective. The combined approach used in this paper collects quantitative data from 420 female migrant workers and qualitative data from seven female migrant workers who participated in in-depth interviews. According to research findings, female migrant workers are considerably more agreeable to premarital sex if both are voluntary, but they do not feel ready to discuss premarital sex with those around them. The level of education and length of residence are factors that affect how female migrant workers feel about the premarital sex concern. In order to enhance their autonomy and reduce risky sexual behaviors, we can thus propose that female migrant workers, especially those with a residence length of more than five years, should have greater reproductive health capacity, including reproductive health knowledge and skills.
In this paper, we establish compactness and continuous dependence on parameters for solution-set of the second order differential inclusion including self-adjoint operator in the form \begin{align*} \left\{ \begin{gathered} \frac{\partial^2}{\partial t^2} u(t,x) +2\mathcal{A} \frac{\partial}{\partial t}u(t,x)+\mathcal{A}^{2} u(t,x) \in F(t,u(t),\mu),\,\, \hfill (t,x)\in [0,T)\times\Omega \\ u(0,x)=\frac{\partial }{\partial t}u(0,x)=0, \,\, \hfill x \in \Omega, \\ %u(T,x) = h(x), \,\, \hfill x\in\Omega, \end{gathered}\right. %\label{MainProblem} \end{align*} where $\mathcal A$ is a self-adjoint operator. We use the spectral theory on Hilbert spaces to obtain formulation for mild solutions. Using the mild solution formula together with a measure of non-compactness with values in an ordered space, we construct useful bounds for solution operators. Then, we establish necessarily upper semi-continuous and condensing settings, which mainly help to obtain the global existence of mild solutions and the compactness of the mild solution set. Finally, we provide a brief discussion on the continuous dependence of the solution-set on parameter $\mu$.
Huynh Phu So is the Hoa Hao Buddhist founder who established doctrines and canon laws of religion at a young age. The religion he founded so far has nearly one million believers throughout the Southwest region. It has also spread to other provinces and cities in the country. His teachings are always remembered and applied by believers in their lives in order to build a compassionate, peaceful and prosperous society. Through bibliographic documents and fieldwork in the community, the article analyzes his genius to explain the birth of an endogenous religion with a large number of followers in the Southwest region today. Key words: Innate capacity Hoa Hao Buddhism, Huynh Phu So, doctrine, canon law
This article is the results of the project "Assessment of health and safety risks for wood industry workers researched at Lap Giai company, Ben Cat district, Binh Duong province". Theory of change (ToC) is an intervention strategy to reduce worker health risk and safety that was initially established by the research team before being deployed at Lap Giai Company. Preparation ToC helps promote and cooperate in the co-production of knowledge between the academic and management group. The paper is a summary of 10 steps of the ToC method, in which, planning, analyzing change needs, projecting impacts, mapping intermediate results, determining project outputs, identifying assumptions, creating diagrams and explaining the ToC are important steps. The experiences drawn from the theory of change in transdisciplinary study are (1) Can be applied to digital transformation research and environmental management research in enterprises. (2) Role leadership is decisive in developing transdisciplinary topics in enterprises. (3) Both internal and external environments must be considered to design the most beneficial change interventions.
Generation of electricity from wind power a renewable energy source, is continually attracting the attention of investors, researchers and electrical utilities. It has been predicted that the annual growth of wind power between 1998 and 2040 would be between 20% and 30%. This shows the increase in impact of the wind power generator to power system and the importance of understanding the behaviour power wind generator following fault conditions that may develop at any point on the hosted network and consequently may affect the stability, the security as well as the quality of power system. Hence, the searching Stability of power system with connection of power wind generator is continually attracting the attention of researchers in the world. This pape display the Surveying Stability of power system with connection of power wind generator when occurred the fault short circuit on the power system. The investigate is illustrated with network included 12 bus.
The Southeast region, in prehistory and protohistory, established the space of Dong Nai archeological culture. Since the 16th to 17th centuries, the Southeast had been discovered by the Vietnamese people, in which they established sovereignty and administrative structure. Over three centuries of formation and development, the Southeast region has created many changes in geographic names and administrative structures as required by the historical context of each period. This article presents the overview of the administrative restructuring process in the Southeast region in some important historical milestones during the development process hereof. With the presentation of administrative structures in the Southeast region, the article contributes to systemizing the historical periods of formation and development of the region. It also opens further dialogues for the study of historical and cultural characteristics of the Southeast region.

Publication Information

Publisher

Thu Dau Mot University, Viet Nam

Honorary Editor-in-Chief and Chairman of the Editorial Board

Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Van Hiep

Deputy Editor-in-Chief

PhD. Trần Hạnh Minh Phương
Thu Dau Mot University

Editorial Board

Prof. Tran Van Doan
Fujen University, Taiwan
Prof. Zafar Uddin Ahmed
Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City

Prof.Dr. Phillip G.Cerny
The University of Manchester, United Kingdom
Prof. Ngo Van Le
University of Social Sciences and Humanities (VNU-HCM)

Prof. Bui The Cuong
Southern Institute of Social Sciences​​​​​​​
Prof. Le Quang Tri
Can Tho University

Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Van Duc
Animal Husbandry Association of Vietnam
Assoc. Prof. Ted Yuchung Liu
National Pingtung University, Taiwan

PhD. Anita Doraisami
Economics Monash University, Australia
Prof. Dr. Andrew Seddon
Asia Pacific University of Technology & innovation (APU)

Assoc. Prof. Le Tuan Anh
Thu Dau Mot University
Prof. Abtar Darshan Singh
Asia Pacific University, Malaysia

Prof.Dr. Ron W.Edwards
The University of Melbourne, Australia
Assoc. Prof. Hoang Xuan Nien
Thu Dau Mot University

PhD. Nguyen Duc Nghia
Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City
PhD. Bao Dat
Monash University (Australia)

PhD. Raqib Chowdhury
Monash University (Australia)
PhD. Nguyen Hoang Tuan
Thu Dau Mot University

PhD. Nguyen Thi Lien Thuong
Thu Dau Mot University

Assistant

Nguyen Thi Man
Thu Dau Mot University